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Glossary of Legal Terms
"Anew." A trial de novo is a completely new trial.
A judgment declaring the rights of the parties on a question of law.
Decision or order of the court. A final decree completes the suit; an interlocutory decree is provisional or preliminary.
Under Rules of Civil Procedure, when a party against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought has failed to plead (i.e., answer) or otherwise defend, he is in default and a judgment by default may be entered either by the clerk or the court.
A person charged with a crime or a person against whom a civil action is brought.
Sworn testimony taken outside the courtroom according to the rules of the court.
A pretrial proceeding where a party to an action may be informed of the facts known by other parties or witnesses.
Book containing entries of all proceedings in a court.
Prohibition against more than one prosecution for the same crime.
Constitutional guarantee that an accused person receives a fair and impartial trial.